Bundesland in english

bundesland in english

Duolingo is the world's most popular way to learn a language. It's % free, fun and science-based. Practice online on h-b-d.eu or on the apps!. Bundesland translate: (federal) state. Learn more in the Cambridge German- English Dictionary. Many translated example sentences containing "Bundesland" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Their terrain is also relatively unfavourable to heavy industry and long-distance trade. Retrieved 19 April Then a referendum was required in each territory or part of a territory whose affiliation was to be changed paragraph 3. The governments in BerlinBremen and Hamburg are the " senates ". The Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian War. First-level bundesland in english divisions in European countries. The federal constitution initially granted all legislative powers to the states, but many powers have been subsequently taken away, and only a few remain, such as casino fribourg and zoning codes, nature protection, hunting, fishing, farming, youth protection, certain issues of public health and welfare and software tester ausbildung right nationaltrikot wales levy certain taxes. Austrian federalism is largely theoretical as the states are granted few legislative powers. In his investiture address, given on 28 October in Bonn, Chancellor Willy Brandt proposed that the government would consider Article 29 of the Basic Law as a binding order. Districts and statutory cities. Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states German: GIZ works in more than countries around the world and is represented in virtually every federal state within Germany.. Ingolstadt liegt im wirtschaftsstärksten Bundesland Deutschlands. If these laws are introduced and implemented successfully in all the federal states , they could have a significant impact on the consumption of resources and environmental protection.. More translations in the Swahili-English dictionary. This means that it will become mandatory in future to utilise waste for energy generation and to meet recycling quotas for materials. Die Postleitzahl ist für das ausgewählte Bundesland leider nicht gültig. State ' is a required field. We are working on continually optimizing the quality of our usage examples by improving their relevance as well as the translations. In addition, we have begun to apply this technology to further languages in order to build up usage-example databases for other language pairs. Also dass man das trinken kann, das wusste ich. Ingbert auf der Fraunhofer-Standortkarte finden. Das hört sich für mich eher nach Bundesstaat….

Bundesland in english - charming idea

In einigen Fällen könnten Stadt und Bundesland als Fernname angezeigt werden. See how foreign-language expressions are used in real life. State may appear as remote name. Ingenieurwissenschaftliches Know-how aus den Bundesländern Bremen und Brandenburg soll zur Entwicklung eines neuartigen Konzeptes für das Vegetationszonen-Management beitragen.. Die Postleitzahl ist für das ausgewählte Bundesland leider nicht gültig. Please fc bayern münchen bayer leverkusen leave them untouched. We are using the following form stockpair.com to detect spammers. The search engine displays hits in alle le bleu dictionary entries plus translation examples, which contain the roulett zum spass spielen or a similar word or phrase. We are working on continually fifa player ratings the quality of our usage examples by improving their relevance as well as the translations. How can I copy translations to the vocabulary trainer? The most popular destinations were Berlin and Saxony, Germany's most populous eastern state. Geant casino drive how foreign-language expressions are used in kostenlose casino slots life. If no state is specified, all states are tadesco by default. Das Stadtentwicklungsministerium wird ergänzend dabei unterstützt, die nationalen Siedlungsabfall-Richtlinien zu aktualisieren und die Umsetzung der neuen Abfallgesetzgebung damit zu verbessern. These examples may contain rude words based on your search. Province from the list. Your zip code does not match your city or state. Auf den angrenzenden Feldern ist dadurch weniger Bewässerung notwendig. Ingolstadt liegt im wirtschaftsstärksten Bundesland Deutschlands. Deutschland frankreich basketball Speak like a native Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages.

After two years of work, the experts delivered their report in It provided an alternative proposal for the two regions: At the same time the commission developed criteria for classifying the terms of Article 29 Paragraph 1.

The capacity to perform functions effectively was considered most important, whereas regional, historical, and cultural ties were considered as hardly verifiable.

To fulfill administrative duties adequately, a population of at least five million per state was considered as necessary. After a relatively brief discussion and mostly negative responses from the affected states, the proposals were shelved.

Public interest was limited or nonexistent. The referendum in Baden was held on 7 June Hence, the two referendums in Lower Saxony were successful.

As a consequence, the legislature was forced to act and decided that both Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe should remain part of Lower Saxony. The justification was that a reconstitution of Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe would contradict the objectives of paragraph 1.

An appeal against the decision was rejected as inadmissible by the Federal Constitutional Court. On 24 August , the binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory was altered into a mere discretionary one.

Paragraph 1 was rephrased, now putting the capacity to perform functions in the first place. The option for a referendum in the Federal Republic as a whole paragraph 4 was abolished.

Hence a territorial revision was no longer possible against the will of the population affected by it.

The debate on territorial revision restarted shortly before German reunification. While academics Rutz and others and politicians Gobrecht suggested introducing only two, three, or four states in East Germany, legislation reconstituted the five states that had existed until , however, with slightly changed boundaries.

Article 29 was again modified and provided an option for the states to "revise the division of their existing territory or parts of their territory by agreement without regard to the provisions of paragraphs 2 through 7 ".

Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. The German political system operates under a framework laid out in the constitutional document known as the Grundgesetz Basic Law.

By calling the document the Grundgesetz , rather than Verfassung constitution , the authors expressed the intention that it would be replaced by a true constitution once Germany was reunited as one state.

Amendments to the Grundgesetz generally require a two-thirds majority of both chambers of the parliament; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.

Despite the original intention, the Grundgesetz remained in effect after the German reunification in , with only minor amendments.

The states are parliamentary republics and the relationship between their legislative and executive branches mirrors that of the federal system: The governments in Berlin , Bremen and Hamburg are the " senates ".

In the three free states of Bavaria , Saxony , and Thuringia , the government is the "state government" Staatsregierung ; and in the other ten states, the "Land government" Landesregierung.

The Senate was abolished following a referendum in The states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg are governed slightly differently from the other states.

The parliaments in the remaining 13 states are referred to as Landtag State Parliament. The city-states of Berlin and Hamburg are subdivided into boroughs.

The City of Bremen consists of two urban districts: Bremen and Bremerhaven , which are not contiguous. In the other states there are the following subdivisions:.

This arrangement was meant to ease the friction caused by uniting the two culturally different regions into a single state after World War II. From until , Saxony was divided into three districts called Direktionsbezirke since The state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen consists of two urban districts, while Berlin and Hamburg are states and urban districts at the same time.

Each consists of an elected council and an executive, which is chosen either by the council or by the people, depending on the state, the duties of which are comparable to those of a county executive in the United States , supervising local government administration.

The Landkreise have primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as highways, hospitals, and public utilities.

They are intended to implement simplification of administration at that level. Typically, a district-free city or town and its urban hinterland are grouped into such an association, or Kommunalverband besonderer Art.

Such an organization requires the issuing of special laws by the governing state, since they are not covered by the normal administrative structure of the respective states.

Every rural district and every Amt is subdivided into municipalities, while every urban district is a municipality in its own right. Cities and towns are municipalities as well, also having city rights or town rights Stadtrechte.

Nowadays, this is mostly just the right to be called a city or town. However, in former times there were many other privileges, including the right to impose local taxes or to allow industry only within city limits.

The municipalities are ruled by elected councils and by an executive, the mayor, who is chosen either by the council or directly by the people, depending on the state.

The "constitution" for the municipalities is created by the states and is uniform throughout a state except for Bremen, which allows Bremerhaven to have its own constitution.

The municipalities have two major policy responsibilities. First, they administer programs authorized by the federal or state government.

Such programs typically relate to youth, schools, public health, and social assistance. Second, Article 28 2 of the Basic Law guarantees the municipalities "the right to regulate on their own responsibility all the affairs of the local community within the limits set by law.

For instance, many municipalities develop and expand the economic infrastructure of their communities through the development of industrial trading estates.

Local authorities foster cultural activities by supporting local artists, building arts centres , and by holding fairs.

Local government also provides public utilities, such as gas and electricity, as well as public transportation. The majority of the funding for municipalities is provided by higher levels of government rather than from taxes raised and collected directly by themselves.

In five of the German states, there are unincorporated areas , in many cases unpopulated forest and mountain areas, but also four Bavarian lakes that are not part of any municipality.

As of January 1, , there were such areas, with a total area of Only four unincorporated areas are populated, with a total population of about 2, The following table gives an overview.

In , the number of unincorporated areas was , with a total area of 4, However, the unincorporated areas are continually being incorporated into neighboring municipalities, wholly or partially, most frequently in Bavaria.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the states of modern Germany. For other uses, see States of Germany disambiguation.

For other uses, see Regions of Germany disambiguation. Human rights Federal Constitutional Court. Joint Committee Gemeinsamer Ausschuss.

Electoral system Political parties Referendums. List of historic states of Germany and History of Germany.

List of districts of Germany. Germany portal European Union portal. The loan word Land is written with a capital "L" and is used in the official English version of the Basic Law [1] and in UK parliamentary proceedings.

This is sometimes translated to "Federal State" in English, even though federal state in English usually refers to the federation as a whole, and not its members.

Although the term Land applies to all the states, each of the states of Bavaria , Saxony , and Thuringia describes itself as a Freistaat free state.

The expression is based on early 20th-century attempts to create a genuinely German alternative for the loan word Republik and to express the end of the German monarchies.

Deutscher Bundestag Public Relations Division. Retrieved 15 October Retrieved 19 April The institutional structures of German federalism. Retrieved November 8, States of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Timeline Historiography Military history. First-level administrative divisions in European countries. States with limited recognition.

Table of administrative divisions by country. Retrieved from " https: States of Germany Subdivisions of Germany Lists of subdivisions of Germany Country subdivisions in Europe First-level administrative country subdivisions Germany geography-related lists States of Germany-related lists.

Articles containing German-language text Webarchive template wayback links Articles containing Latin-language text Interlanguage link template link number Articles containing potentially dated statements from March All articles containing potentially dated statements Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 23 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Federal Republic of Germany. Borough , District , Amt , Governmental district. Elections Electoral system Political parties Referendums.

Germany portal Other countries Atlas. Landtag of Lower Saxony. North Rhine- Westphalia Nordrhein-Westfalen. Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia.

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Bundesland In English Video

Learn Dutch While You Sleep 😀 Most Important Dutch Phrases and Words 😀 English/Dutch Compile a new entry. Recent lookups click on a word to display the lottopalace bonuscode results again: Pragmatic online casinos Reverso Register Login Facebook connect. Last post 29 Jan 10, Submit a new entry. In addition, the Dictionary is now supplemented with millions of real-life translation examples from external sources. Ort, Bundesland und Postleitzahl passen nicht zusammen.

These examples may contain colloquial words based on your search. See examples translated by state Noun examples with alignment.

See examples translated by province Noun 34 examples with alignment. See examples translated by federal state Noun 29 examples with alignment.

See examples translated by Land 28 examples with alignment. See examples translated by Bundesland 10 examples with alignment. Ort und Bundesland passen nicht zur Postleitzahl.

Your zip code does not match your city or state. On a European scale the province is one of the most dynamic regions.

Please select a Province from the list. Province from the list. Ingolstadt is located in Bavaria, the financially healthiest federal state in Germany.

The federal state of Brandenburg, located in the northeast region of Germany, is a vibrant land, rich in history and culture.

Ort, Bundesland und Postleitzahl passen nicht zusammen. Your city, state and postal code do not match. In their letter to Konrad Adenauer , the three western military governors approved the Basic Law but suspended Article 29 until such time as a peace treaty should be concluded.

Only the special arrangement for the southwest under Article could enter into force. In southwestern Germany, territorial revision seemed to be a top priority since the border between the French and American occupation zones was set along the Autobahn Karlsruhe-Stuttgart-Ulm today the A8.

If no agreement is reached, the revision shall be effected by a federal law, which shall provide for an advisory referendum.

With the Paris Agreements , West Germany regained limited sovereignty. This triggered the start of the one-year period as set in paragraph 2 of Article As a consequence, eight petitions for referendums were launched, six of which were successful:.

The last petition was originally rejected by the Federal Minister of the Interior in reference to the referendum of However, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany ruled that the rejection was unlawful: The rejection of the plan by the Saarlanders was interpreted as support for the Saar to join the Federal Republic of Germany.

On October 27, , the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to join Germany, as provided by the Grundgesetz constitution art.

Saarland became part of Germany effective January 1, The Franco-Saarlander currency union ended on 6 July , when the Deutsche Mark was introduced as legal tender in the Saarland.

Paragraph 6 of Article 29 stated that, if a petition was successful, a referendum should be held within three years. Since the deadline passed on 5 May without anything happening, the Hesse state government filed a constitutional complaint with the Federal Constitutional Court in October The complaint was dismissed in July on the grounds that Article 29 had made the new delimitation of the federal territory an exclusively federal matter.

At the same time, the Court reaffirmed the requirement for a territorial revision as a binding order to the relevant constitutional bodies.

The grand coalition decided to settle the petitions by setting binding deadlines for the required referendums. The referendums in Lower Saxony and Rhineland-Palatinate were to be held by 31 March , and the referendum in Baden was to be held by 30 June The quorum for a successful vote was set at one-quarter of those entitled to vote in Bundestag elections.

Paragraph 4 stated that the vote should be disregarded if it contradicted the objectives of paragraph 1. In his investiture address, given on 28 October in Bonn, Chancellor Willy Brandt proposed that the government would consider Article 29 of the Basic Law as a binding order.

An expert commission was established, named after its chairman, the former Secretary of State Professor Werner Ernst. After two years of work, the experts delivered their report in It provided an alternative proposal for the two regions: At the same time the commission developed criteria for classifying the terms of Article 29 Paragraph 1.

The capacity to perform functions effectively was considered most important, whereas regional, historical, and cultural ties were considered as hardly verifiable.

To fulfill administrative duties adequately, a population of at least five million per state was considered as necessary.

After a relatively brief discussion and mostly negative responses from the affected states, the proposals were shelved.

Public interest was limited or nonexistent. The referendum in Baden was held on 7 June Hence, the two referendums in Lower Saxony were successful.

As a consequence, the legislature was forced to act and decided that both Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe should remain part of Lower Saxony.

The justification was that a reconstitution of Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe would contradict the objectives of paragraph 1. An appeal against the decision was rejected as inadmissible by the Federal Constitutional Court.

On 24 August , the binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory was altered into a mere discretionary one.

Paragraph 1 was rephrased, now putting the capacity to perform functions in the first place. The option for a referendum in the Federal Republic as a whole paragraph 4 was abolished.

Hence a territorial revision was no longer possible against the will of the population affected by it. The debate on territorial revision restarted shortly before German reunification.

While academics Rutz and others and politicians Gobrecht suggested introducing only two, three, or four states in East Germany, legislation reconstituted the five states that had existed until , however, with slightly changed boundaries.

Article 29 was again modified and provided an option for the states to "revise the division of their existing territory or parts of their territory by agreement without regard to the provisions of paragraphs 2 through 7 ".

Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. The German political system operates under a framework laid out in the constitutional document known as the Grundgesetz Basic Law.

By calling the document the Grundgesetz , rather than Verfassung constitution , the authors expressed the intention that it would be replaced by a true constitution once Germany was reunited as one state.

Amendments to the Grundgesetz generally require a two-thirds majority of both chambers of the parliament; the fundamental principles of the constitution, as expressed in the articles guaranteeing human dignity, the separation of powers, the federal structure, and the rule of law are valid in perpetuity.

Despite the original intention, the Grundgesetz remained in effect after the German reunification in , with only minor amendments.

The states are parliamentary republics and the relationship between their legislative and executive branches mirrors that of the federal system: The governments in Berlin , Bremen and Hamburg are the " senates ".

In the three free states of Bavaria , Saxony , and Thuringia , the government is the "state government" Staatsregierung ; and in the other ten states, the "Land government" Landesregierung.

The Senate was abolished following a referendum in The states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg are governed slightly differently from the other states.

The parliaments in the remaining 13 states are referred to as Landtag State Parliament. The city-states of Berlin and Hamburg are subdivided into boroughs.

The City of Bremen consists of two urban districts: Bremen and Bremerhaven , which are not contiguous. In the other states there are the following subdivisions:.

This arrangement was meant to ease the friction caused by uniting the two culturally different regions into a single state after World War II.

From until , Saxony was divided into three districts called Direktionsbezirke since The state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen consists of two urban districts, while Berlin and Hamburg are states and urban districts at the same time.

Each consists of an elected council and an executive, which is chosen either by the council or by the people, depending on the state, the duties of which are comparable to those of a county executive in the United States , supervising local government administration.

The Landkreise have primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as highways, hospitals, and public utilities. They are intended to implement simplification of administration at that level.

Typically, a district-free city or town and its urban hinterland are grouped into such an association, or Kommunalverband besonderer Art. Such an organization requires the issuing of special laws by the governing state, since they are not covered by the normal administrative structure of the respective states.

Every rural district and every Amt is subdivided into municipalities, while every urban district is a municipality in its own right.

Cities and towns are municipalities as well, also having city rights or town rights Stadtrechte. Nowadays, this is mostly just the right to be called a city or town.

However, in former times there were many other privileges, including the right to impose local taxes or to allow industry only within city limits.

The municipalities are ruled by elected councils and by an executive, the mayor, who is chosen either by the council or directly by the people, depending on the state.

The "constitution" for the municipalities is created by the states and is uniform throughout a state except for Bremen, which allows Bremerhaven to have its own constitution.

The municipalities have two major policy responsibilities. First, they administer programs authorized by the federal or state government.

Such programs typically relate to youth, schools, public health, and social assistance. Second, Article 28 2 of the Basic Law guarantees the municipalities "the right to regulate on their own responsibility all the affairs of the local community within the limits set by law.

For instance, many municipalities develop and expand the economic infrastructure of their communities through the development of industrial trading estates.

Local authorities foster cultural activities by supporting local artists, building arts centres , and by holding fairs. Local government also provides public utilities, such as gas and electricity, as well as public transportation.

The majority of the funding for municipalities is provided by higher levels of government rather than from taxes raised and collected directly by themselves.

In five of the German states, there are unincorporated areas , in many cases unpopulated forest and mountain areas, but also four Bavarian lakes that are not part of any municipality.

As of January 1, , there were such areas, with a total area of Only four unincorporated areas are populated, with a total population of about 2, The following table gives an overview.

In , the number of unincorporated areas was , with a total area of 4, However, the unincorporated areas are continually being incorporated into neighboring municipalities, wholly or partially, most frequently in Bavaria.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the states of modern Germany. For other uses, see States of Germany disambiguation.

For other uses, see Regions of Germany disambiguation. Human rights Federal Constitutional Court. Joint Committee Gemeinsamer Ausschuss.

Electoral system Political parties Referendums. List of historic states of Germany and History of Germany. List of districts of Germany. Germany portal European Union portal.

The loan word Land is written with a capital "L" and is used in the official English version of the Basic Law [1] and in UK parliamentary proceedings.

This is sometimes translated to "Federal State" in English, even though federal state in English usually refers to the federation as a whole, and not its members.

Although the term Land applies to all the states, each of the states of Bavaria , Saxony , and Thuringia describes itself as a Freistaat free state.

The expression is based on early 20th-century attempts to create a genuinely German alternative for the loan word Republik and to express the end of the German monarchies.

Deutscher Bundestag Public Relations Division.

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